1. Learn what the source material is saying
2. Step away and come up with a way of explaining it
3. Use your own words without looking at the original passage
4. Cite your source without using quotation marks
When to Use Direct Quotations
Rarely used in STEM and Social Science writing; the ideas are most important, so explain in your own words, and cite.
Commonly used in the Literature, Philosophy, and other Humanities subjects; used when the exact text is the SUBJECT of the writing, so quote, add your own commentary, and cite.