Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
[NJIT logo]

Understanding Citations: Avoid Patchwriting

This guide was designed to help you read citations and understand different formats as well as create citations for your own research.

To Avoid Patchwriting

1.  ​Learn what the source material is saying

2.  Step away and come up with a way of explaining it

3.  Use your own words without looking at the original passage

4.  Cite your source without using quotation marks







When to Use Direct Quotations

Rarely used in STEM and Social Science writing;  the ideas are most important, so explain in your own words, and cite.

Commonly used in the Literature, Philosophy, and other Humanities subjects; used when the exact text is the SUBJECT of the writing, so quote, add your own commentary, and cite.

New Jersey Institute of Technology 
University Heights, Newark, New Jersey 07102-1982
(973) 596-3206
Contact Us |  Ask A Librarian | Map & Directions |  A to Z Site Index

Copyrighted 2020 | Robert W. Van Houten Library