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Understanding Citations: Avoid Patchwriting

This guide was designed to help you read citations and understand different formats as well as create citations for your own research.

To Avoid Patchwriting

1.  ​Learn what the source material is saying

2.  Step away and come up with a way of explaining it

3.  Use your own words without looking at the original passage

4.  Cite your source without using quotation marks

Examples

  undefined

 

        

 

 

When to Use Direct Quotations

Rarely used in STEM and Social Science writing;  the ideas are most important, so explain in your own words, and cite.

Commonly used in the Literature, Philosophy, and other Humanities subjects; used when the exact text is the SUBJECT of the writing, so quote, add your own commentary, and cite.

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